The Raw Food diet has been in existence for centuries and a 19th-century doctor by the name Maximilian Bircher-Benner is credited as its pioneer. The diet is based on a number of questionable and debunked theories including that cooking destroys natural enzymes found in food and lowers nutrient content while destroying the food’s “life force” which are at odds with conventional science.
The Volumetric diet promises healthy weight loss while allowing participants to eat as much as they want. Created by nutritionist Dr. Barbara Ross, the diet is based on the concept of food density with food high in calories considered high density while those low on calories being low density.
The Mayo Clinic diet is an eating and life system developed by the respected Mayo Clinic. It aims to promote weight loss and weight management and an overall healthier lifestyle by encouraging making informed food choices and living more actively. One method The Mayo Clinic diet plan uses is focussing on the caloric content of foods, recommending eating lower calorie foods.
The Specific Carbohydrate diet is based on the book Breaking the Vicious Cycle: Intestinal Health Through Diet authored by the late biochemist Elaine Gottschall first published in the 1990s though it first appeared in the 1950s. It promises to alleviate symptoms of several gastrointestinal disorders including irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, celiac, Crohn’s disease, chronic diarrhea and ulcerative colitis.
The Renal diet is for individuals suffering from kidney disease, kidney infection or those with only one kidney. The kidneys are some of the most important organs in the body as they eliminate waste, regulate hormones and control blood pressure. Obesity, smoking, excessive drinking and genetics are some of the risk factors associated with kidney problems.
The Low-FODMAP diet is designed to alleviate symptoms associated with irritable bowel syndrome(IBS). Symptoms of the condition include abdominal pain, gas, bloating, constipation, diarrhea, and abdominal distension. The syndrome adversely affects the social and professional lives of victims. The Low-FODMAP diet plan seeks to improve the quality of life by building a pattern that limits and selects the right food types for individuals.
The term Diabetic diet is used as a broad term for guidelines from experts and institutions on feeding patterns those with prediabetes and diabetes should follow to reduce complications associated with the chronic disease. It is an eating pattern that determines the right choices when it comes to food and mealtimes and includes concepts such as carbohydrate counting.
The Macrobiotic diet is a lifestyle pattern that encourages balancing the various aspects of life to achieve health and longevity. Diet is a major aspect of the system as it espouses foods that are organic, whole, unprocessed and without refined sugar or animal products
This diet is named after its creator Dr. Dean Ornish who pioneered it in the 1970s. Also called the Ornish Spectrum Diet it is regarded to be more than diet but a holistic lifestyle approach as it emphasizes activities which boost physical and psychological wellbeing such as exercise and stress management on top of dietary changes. It is scientifically proven to help reduce weight and help with heart disease management and is rated highly by most dieticians.
The paleo diet is one of the world’s favorites with the distinction of trending online in 2013 and you can find it sitting smugly in the top ten of any list. The paleo diet was born on the notion that the eating habits of the Paleolithic period were much healthier before settler farming took over and made for a more sedentary lifestyle.