The Renal diet is for individuals suffering from kidney disease, kidney infection or those with only one kidney. The kidneys are some of the most important organs in the body as they eliminate waste, regulate hormones and control blood pressure. Obesity, smoking, excessive drinking and genetics are some of the risk factors associated with kidney problems.
The Renal diet plan seeks to reduce substances that are bad for kidneys functioning below an optimal level and it varies depending on the condition and its extent. It generally limits sodium, potassium, phosphorous and protein in the diet as these substances can cause strain to the kidneys.
The Process of the Renal Diet Plan
Most medical practitioners recommend a diet low to moderate on sodium protein, phosphorous, potassium and in some cases calcium. This means carefully planning for the intake of food like red meat, poultry and fish to regulate protein intake in the Renal menu. Foods that are high in potassium, phosphorous and calcium include milk and dairy products, tomatoes, dates, prunes, raisins, potatoes and sweet potatoes, oranges and citrus fruits, bananas, avocados and whole grains.
This needs to be limited in the diet to avoid the risk of complications. Sodium intake also needs to be carefully monitored on the Renal menu and processed snacks like chips and crackers, canned foods and processed meats should be avoided as they usually contain high sodium content. Fluid intake is another important thing to remember as even water taken in excess can dangerously build up in the body.
- It is proven and recommended as a health-improving method.
- It is a highly restrictive diet.
Who should do it
The Renal diet plan is recommended for those suffering from kidney complications. It covers a huge scope and what is recommended varies but certain general guidelines are common especially and effort to reduce certain substances in the body which may strain the kidneys. It is advised to personalized diet with the help of a health professional recommended dietician. It is important to note that those undergoing dialysis have their own dietary plans which vary from the Renal diet.
Diet plan ideas
Breakfast: Ziptop Omelette, English muffin, fresh grapes with tea
Lunch: Blackened shrimp pineapple salad with crispbread
Dinner: Stuffed green peppers with dinner rolls
Breakfast: Egg in a Hole with toasted bread and pineapple juice.
Lunch: Tuna veggie salad with sliced bread.
Dinner: rotisserie-style chicken with pasta tossed in olive oil and garlic
Breakfast: Cottage cheese pancakes with fresh strawberries with egg whites.
Lunch: Lemon curry chicken salad with pita bread and cranberry juice.
Dinner: Cilantro-lime cod with lettuce, cucumber and carrot salad